lectures - 2013
Offshore-Anlagen auf See treiben
Erstellt am 18. Januar 2020 von Dr. Arnd Bernaerts
Vor wenigen Tagen veröffentlichte die New York Times die neusten Daten der NASA zu den globalen Temperaturen im Jahr 2019. Danach war 2019 war das zweitwärmste Jahr der globalen Wetter-Geschichte (NASA-Analyse in Groß). Das trifft insbesondere auf Nordeuropa und Deutschland zu. Mit einer Mitteltemperatur von 10,3 Grad war das Jahr 2019 zusammen mit dem Jahr 2014 das bisher zweitwärmste in Deutschland beobachtete Jahr seit dem Beginn regelmäßiger Aufzeichnungen im Jahr 1881.
Weather and climate are
everyday slang words
People defend your ‘climate’ - as you use it for 2000 years
Posted 22nd December 2019
During the last half Century the world has a big problem. Science abuse the layman terms used since time immemorial: weather and climate. Every term is closer connected to every person than his shirt and that for 24 hours and every day throughout his life. Alexander von Humboldt (1769 –1859), the great German naturalist and geographer defined climate as 'all the changes in the atmosphere that perceptibly affect our organs'. According A.v.Humboldt, ‘climate’ was even closer to the skin of any person as his dresses during day and night. The Intellectuals in those days lived closer to nature as academics nowadays.
There are probably few people who can explain how the climate affects their organs, but they presumably would agree, describing the aspect as follows: ........cont.
Northern Europe’s Mild Winters.
December 2015 - Hamburg, Germany
Abstract: The marine environment of North Sea and Baltic is one of the most heavily strained by numerous human activities. Simultaneously water and air temperatures increase more than elsewhere in Europe and globally, which cannot be explained with ‘global warming’. The climatic change issue would be better understood if this extraordinary regional warming is sufficiently explained. The regional features are unique for in-depth studies due to different summer-winter conditions, shallowness of the seas, geographical structure, and main pathway for maritime weather patterns moving eastwards. The impact of sea activities on the seasonal sea water profile structure is contributing to stronger regional warming, change in growing season, and less severe sea ice conditions. The impact of the man, whether small or large, should be understood very soon and very thoroughly.
Keywords: Human maritime activities, sea temperature increase, North Sea and Baltic warming, change in seasonality, sea ice decrease.
‘Rawalpindi’ Sinking and Cyclone formation
The first sea engagement of naval surface vessels in the North Atlantic occurred in late November 1939. This naval encounter was immediately followed by a rapid decrease in air pressure by more than 50 mb in 48 hours. Can a 15 minutes’ shelling of 600-pound shells produce sufficient ‘butterfly-effect’ to turn a modest low air pressure into a violent cyclone?
Weather was fair on Thursday the 23rd November 1939, Southeast of Iceland, about 200 miles west of the Faroe Island. The big and modern German battleships Gneisenau and Scharnhorst sailed in a flotilla of six naval vessels, when they saw HM Armed Merchant Cruiser Rawalpindi at some distance.Previous Posts
Arctic sea ice record
low - 02/25/2015
posted 17. April 2015 - Continue reading ....
Offshore Wind-parks and mild Winters.
Contribution from Ships, Fishery, Windparks etc.
Posted: February 2015
The effect of stirring
The actual winter 2014/15 is up to now no winter in Northern Europa (Fig. 1-2). Can anthropogene activities in the North Sea, Baltic and coastal seas be made partly responsible? Presumably yes! Stirring hot coffee will cool it down. At the end of August the sea areas have gained their maximum potential of warmth. Many ship propellers are plowing through the sea stirring the surface layer to a depth of 15 meters. In the North Sea and Baltic there are continuously up to ten thousand large motor ships at sea. Several thousand offshore facilities on the bottom of the sea or anchored offshore rigs divert currents at sea and influence tides and currents as a permanent resistance against the normal flow of huge amounts of ocean water. (Fig. 3-8) The result is like stirring hot soup. Warm water will come to the surface and the heat will supply the atmosphere with warmth. The air will become warmer and the winters will be milder. The correlation is not to be overseen. It is not relevant to climate research or agencies allowing offshore structures who do not consider such evaluations.
Strong warming during winter season.
The situation at the beginning of the evaluation is obvious. In Europe the mean average temperature during the last century has risen by 0.9°C…………………Continue reading HERE → AT: http://climate-ocean.com/
Continue reading HERE
JUNO – The January 2015
serious is MetOffice to understand
Dec.2014 - north-west
Dec. 2014 – south-west of
Dec. 1939 - Roest/Lofoten;
21 Dec. 1939
___ Thursday, 21 December 8 a.m. , 975 mb, ca 100 miles west of Roest/Lofoten;
___Friday , 22 December, 8 a.m., 970 mb, Lula/Sweden ( north Baltic Sea);
___Saturday, 23 December, 8 a.m. 980 mb, Ladoga Lake;
___Sunday, 24 December, 8 a.m., 980 mb, ca. 100 miles south of Leningrad.
What triggered the development of this exceptional cyclone in the first place? Discussed here: http://www.2030climate.com/a2005/02_21-Dateien/02_21.html ;
see EXAMPLE 5.
principle trigger must have been the ocean off the Lofoten, and other
naval activities from
23. April 2013: Met-Off loose talk on cold March 2013? North and Baltic Sea should not be ignored! (ocl_9-8)
11. April 2013: 'Urgent' need to see if Arctic affects UK extreme cold? No! MetOffice should investigate the impact of human activities in the North- and Baltic Sea ! (co_9-4)
more see right column
Material in English
Atlantic SST, 1998
Pacific SST, 1997
Pacon, ITLOS, 1997
Peace to Ocean, 1994
Nature, Letter, 1992